Development strategy of the hottest metal packagin

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Development strategy of metal packaging in the new century

reviewing the reform and opening up, the metal container packaging industry has made great progress. Now it includes metal container packaging industrial system integrating iron printing cans, sealed cans, steel drums and various bottle caps. It is one of the important categories of the national packaging industry

over the past 20 years, after ups and downs, the products have developed rapidly from scratch, from small to large, from weak to strong. The products are high-end packaging materials, mainly providing product packaging services for food, cans, beverages, oils, chemicals, drugs, culture, education, cosmetics and other related industries. Due to the exquisite printing and fine production of metal packaging, it has a long shelf life and is easy to carry. It is especially suitable for travel, field operations and battlefield needs, and is deeply welcomed by consumers

in the early 1950s, there were only a few semi mechanized factories in Beijing, Tianjin and Guangzhou. It started in the mid-1960s and developed rapidly in the 1970s. It is still after the reform and opening up that we really enter the fast lane. In particular, the "Eighth Five Year Plan" period was the heyday of the development of metal packaging

reform and opening up, and provide networking data interface; In 1979, there were only 168 factories in the country, which has reached about 1500 so far, an increase of 8 times than that before the establishment of the association. The main reasons for the rapid development are as follows: first, the related industries have developed greatly, the output of products has increased, and the export volume has continued to grow; 2、 Foreign businessmen are very interested in China's huge market and flock to China to cooperate and set up factories; Third, the large-scale development of township enterprises and the increase of private enterprises. So far, there are many foreign-funded enterprises with large investment, high starting point and advanced equipment and technology, which have expanded the scale of the industry

the total output of the main products in 2000 is predicted to reach 1.7 million tons through comprehensive data, including 6.5 billion aluminum two-piece cans, about 7billion tinplate three piece cans including beverages and cans, 700million spray cans, nearly 50billion bottle caps and easy to pull diseases, about 40million liter steel barrels, and more than 5 billion barrels of other solid products

the proportion of economic nature of metal container production enterprises, including special equipment and raw and auxiliary material suppliers, is 30% for state-owned enterprises, 28% for foreign-funded enterprises, 32% for collective enterprises, 3% for wholly foreign-owned enterprises, 7% for private enterprises. Among many enterprises, there are about 60 large enterprise groups with total assets of more than 100 million yuan or more than one billion yuan, or even several billion yuan in RMB, among which: representative ones, such as futball group Fujian LianJian group, Sanshui Jianlibao Fute container company, Hangzhou COFCO Meite company, Wuxi Huapeng jiaduobao bottle cap company, Haikou coconut tree projection can company, Shanghai Ziquan packaging company, Tianjin Wanhua Co., Ltd., Shandong Lipeng Packaging Co., Ltd., Beijing org new American can company, Shanghai Meilin zhengguanghe group iron printing can company, Beijing crown can Co., Ltd., steel drum factory of Sinopec Sales Company, etc. Large enterprises in equipment manufacturing and raw and auxiliary material supply, such as Shanghai Baosteel tinplate factory, Wuhan Iron and steel tinplate factory, Taiwan unified tinplate company, Guangdong Zhongyue tinplate company, Guangzhou ICI coating company, Suzhou PPG packaging coating company, grace (China) sealant factory, etc

the main problems currently exist are:

1 The metal container packaging industry has introduced a large number of advanced equipment in the past 10 years. For example, the number of two-piece cans has increased from the original 13 automatic production lines to 26, with a speed of between per minute; Nearly 200 automatic production lines have been introduced for three piece cans. 40% of the equipment is only one per minute, and the rest is medium and low speed; About 150 advanced stamping equipment have been introduced for crown caps, and their production speed per hour is 110000, 140000 and 270000 respectively, which can be seen in general. Therefore, we call on the competent departments to strengthen macro control. Now the operating rate of most factories is about 50%, and there is still great potential. This is the consequence of the blind launch of macro imbalance

2. Tinplate has been imported for more than 40 years. In China, only WISCO has an annual output of 50000 tons and Guangdong Zhongyue tinplate company has an annual output of about 70000 tons. The state pays a lot of foreign exchange imports. At the end of October 1996, only three months later, the Ministry of metallurgy put the production of domestic tinplate on the agenda and made a decision: Shanghai Baosteel launched 400000 tons, Wuhan Iron and steel increased production to 150000 tons, another 120000 tons of China Guangdong tinplate company, which imported raw plates from abroad and processed tinning in China, 150000 tons of Wuxi unified tinplate, and 150000 tons of Zhangzhou unified tinplate company. In addition, eight tinplate factories, including Guangzhou Pacific, Haikou Haiyu, Fuzhou zhongrida, Shanghai Yichang and Shenyang Zhongyi, have been put into operation. The total output is expected to reach 1.6 million tons by 2005. At present, the annual demand for tinplate in China is about million tons, and there is a situation of supply exceeding demand, which should be controlled

3. Due to the oversupply in the market, enterprises have caused market chaos in order to seize the market, reduce prices and compete disorderly. As the varieties and specifications of metal packaging products are complex, we prefer crown caps as a pilot. Through several discussions with leading enterprises, we all feel that it is difficult to limit prices, and we failed to reach a consensus. Efforts will continue to be made to carry out this work step by step in the future

development ideas in the new century:

1 There should be a sense of urgency to enter the WTO, and the competition at home and abroad will be more intense in the future. The top priority is to speed up the establishment of domestic famous brands and promote the collectivization of organizations led by leading enterprises. Join in and loose combination or strong cooperation to enhance competitive strength

2. It is to consolidate the existing famous brands. For example, the existing two-piece cans, three piece cans and spray cans. Most of the product quality has caught up with the level of similar international products. For example, Hangzhou COFCO Meite's metal printing quality is in a leading position in the iron printing industry. There are also the products of the above-mentioned large enterprises, some of which are close to the level of famous brands. In the future, we will continue to promote the strategy of building famous brands, and promote ISO international certification as soon as possible on the basis of reaching the national standard, so as to strengthen our international competitiveness

3. At present, the competition for talents at home and abroad is fierce. Without high-quality talents, it is difficult to improve product quality and scientific enterprise management. Therefore, it is necessary to speed up the introduction of talents related to the material performance, geometric size, shape, structural situation, convenient fixed conditions and the action mode of external force of the spring, and at the same time, adopt the method of combining short-term training and further study in Colleges and universities for the employees with low original quality, in order to improve the overall quality of the whole industry

although the quality of metal packaging products in China has been improved, some products have reached the level of similar international products; But it depends on technology and raw and auxiliary materials. Our technical level and raw and auxiliary materials are still far behind those of advanced countries. We should improve the product quality as soon as possible

since the 1990s, Germany, Japan, Britain, the United States and France have successfully developed a "laminating iron" that can completely replace tinplate, which is an epoch-making progress. Now developed countries have adopted a thickness of 0 12mm ultra thin steel plate. Cans made of alloy aluminum plates can be heated in the microwave oven. Taiwan is experimenting with cans that can be directly heated by fire, but the external printing pattern and internal coating do not fall off

advanced countries are more advanced than China in terms of raw and auxiliary materials. It is inevitable to import high-quality raw materials after China's entry into the WTO. We must follow up, get rid of imports or import less, and speed up the development of high-quality materials to strengthen our competitiveness. China has great market potential. The average annual population of our country is less than 8 cans, while the average annual per capita in the United States has reached 380 cans. Metal cans have been widely used abroad, and our metal cans have great development prospects, With the rapid growth of China's economy and the improvement of people's living standards, the metal packaging industry will come out of the trough. 1. Metal tensile testing machine: metal materials have high tensile strength, ushering in xudongsheng, and our industry will be able to flourish

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