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As an important symbol to measure the level of a country's scientific and technological innovation and high-end manufacturing industry, the development of the robot industry has been paid more and more attention by countries all over the world. Major economies have raised the development of the robot industry as a national strategy, which is an important means to maintain and regain the competitive advantage of the manufacturing industry. In this context, countries have never stopped competing for the robot market. Let's take a look at the strategic layout of robots in various countries


recently, the EU launched SPARC, the world's largest civil robot research and development program, which plans to invest 2.8 billion euros by 2020 and create 240000 jobs. More than 200 companies and 12000 R & D personnel will participate in the plan, and the applications of robots in manufacturing, agriculture, health, transportation, safety, family and other fields will be included in the plan. In addition, the industrial 4.0 plan put forward by Germany to maintain its leading position in the manufacturing industry also takes intelligent robots and intelligent manufacturing technology as the entry point to meet the new industrial revolution

at the beginning of June, neeliekroes, vice president of the European Union, officially announced that 180 companies and R & D institutions under the European Commission and the European robotics Association eurorobotics jointly launched SPARC, the world's largest civil robot R & D program. According to the plan, the European Commission will invest 700million euros and eurorobotics will invest 2.1 billion euros to promote robot research and development by 2020. The project will greatly promote the scientific research, project construction and achievement transformation of robots

sparc project mainly includes the application of robots in manufacturing, agriculture, health, transportation, safety, family and other fields. The European Commission predicts that the plan will create 240000 jobs in Europe and increase the annual output value of the European robot industry to 60billion euros, accounting for 42% of the global market share


although France does not have world-famous enterprises such as abb, FANUC, KUKA, Motoman, etc. in the field of robots, it has world-leading enterprises in the field of industrial robots (such as robot design and manufacturing enterprise Staubli), high-level equipment manufacturers (such as cimlec industrial group, actenium, clemency, etc.), and large and medium-sized enterprises leading in some professional fields, For example, recif technology company (silicon wafer processing robot), Ba systems (logistics handling robot), ECA robotics company (surface, underwater, ground UAV), and large multinational enterprises such as EADS, Thales, French liquefaction group, etc. invest in the research and development of robots

in addition, France also has many internationally renowned scientific research institutions (such as Paris higher mining school, higher electric power institute, Atomic Energy Commission, National Institute of information and automation, etc.), as well as dozens of world leading robot start-ups, such as Aldebaran, gostai, induct, rb3d, ROBOSOFT, etc. At the same time, France also has many highly competitive industrial parks focusing on robotics, such as images et reseaux Park in Brittany, minalogic and imaginov parks in Ron Alps, cap Digital Park in Paris, aerospace Valley Park in Aquitaine and viameca Park in Auvergne

although France has the basic conditions for the development of the robot field, there are still five major problems: first, the transformation of scientific research achievements is insufficient and there is a lack of large enterprises; Second, the inaccurate market positioning makes it difficult to form a leading enterprise; Third, there is an urgent need to improve government support for robot research and development and industrialization; Fourth, the field of private investment still needs to be promoted; Fifthly, the robot industry, as an emerging industry, lacks organization

in this context, the French government launched the French robot development plan in 2013, which aims to create favorable conditions, promote the sustainable development of the robot industry, and achieve the goal of becoming the top five in the world robot field by 2020

France has established a robot working committee called future industry, which cooperates with industry associations, research working groups, industrial clusters, local governments, national government departments and large industrial groups to jointly carry out dialogue in the field of robots

in addition to public-private cooperation in R & D and innovation with EU countries, it also actively cooperates with other countries. At present, a robot working group has been established with Japan to promote cooperation between bilateral enterprises and scientific research institutions in trade exchanges, research and development, and exchanges between industry associations


in early July, the British government released the first official robot strategy ras2020 and provided financial support to ensure that its robot industry can compete with the world's leading countries. The British government's technology strategy committee has allocated US $685million as the development fund for the next year, of which US $257million will be used to develop robots and autonomous systems (RAS). The British government hopes that through the ras2020 strategy, it can obtain a 10% share of the global robot market valued at about $120billion by 2025

United States

in 2013, the United States released the robot development route report, the subtitle of which is frominternettororobotics, positioning today's robots as important as the Internet of the last century. Robots will affect all aspects of human life and economic and social development, and are listed as the core technology to realize manufacturing reform and promote economic development in the United States. In the advanced manufacturing partnership program implemented by the United States in 2010, it was clearly proposed to revitalize the manufacturing industry through the development of industrial robots, and develop a new generation of intelligent robots by virtue of the advantages of information network technology

South Korea

the Ministry of trade, industry and energy of South Korea announced the second five-year plan for intelligent robot development, which expires in 2018. It is worth noting that the focus of South Korea's plan is integration, and the government encourages all walks of life to accelerate the integration with the robot industry. For example, Internet companies are encouraged to learn from Softbank of Japan and disrupt the robot industry

the first master plan for intelligent robots at present was established according to the promotion law of intelligent robot development and popularization, and was released in April, 2009

unlike the 2009 plan, which focuses mostly on the establishment of an industrial structure for product development and promotion, the second five-year plan will focus on expansion through the integration of technology with other industries such as manufacturing and services

the Korean government will promote the development of the robot industry as a strategic industry through four strategies: carrying out robot research and development and building comprehensive capabilities; Expand the demand for robots in various industries; Build an open robot industry ecosystem; Public private joint investment of 2.6 billion US dollars to speed up the construction of robot integration network

the goal is to continuously expand the scale of the robot market from the current US $2.2 billion to US $7.9 billion, achieve exports of US $2.5 billion, increase the number of robot companies from 402 to 600, and increase the average sales of robot companies from US $6million to US $11.7 million by 2018. The first project is to develop service robots, such as robots with development potential such as disaster relief and health care, To establish a global leading position in large-scale R & D projects

the South Korean government will strengthen global cooperation through its seven robot integration business strategic roadmap, which will initially cover manufacturing, automotive, medical, rehabilitation, culture, national defense, education, shipping and other fields, and will further expand to other manufacturing and service industries. The plan also encourages companies in various industries, such as domestic portal stations and logistics companies, to speed up the integration with the robot industry with reference to companies such as Softbank of Japan. The plan also includes strategies to strengthen cooperation in the robot industry by improving the robot industry policy committee and expanding cooperation with telecommunications


with the support of central leaders and a series of policies, the development of national brand robots has risen to the national strategic level. With the advent of the first year of China's robot industry, the robot industry, known as the Pearl at the top of the manufacturing crown, is taking advantage of the trend of made in China to upgrade made in China, and is ushering in the spring of localization. p>

in the ten years from 2004 to 2013, the average wage of Chinese manufacturing employees increased by three times, with an average annual increase of 15%. In 2013, 27 regions in China adjusted the minimum wage standard, with an average increase of more than 20%. The price of robots drops by 30% every year. A robot with 200000 yuan a few years ago now costs only one third of the price. The intersection of rising human costs and falling robot costs will appear this year. The return period of robot investment has been shortened to years. In the past, robots were mainly used in the automotive industry. This year, robots have also been widely used in domestic electronics, lithium batteries, led, food, metal processing and other industries. Therefore, the industry said that this year is the first year of Chinese robots. According to the amount of robot installation, the robot market in China is still smaller than that in Japan and South Korea. Luo Baihui, a robot industry research expert, predicts that by the end of this year, China is expected to surpass Japan and South Korea and become the world's largest robot market. The number of industrial robots in China increased by 25500 in 2012 and 33700 in 2013, with a growth rate of nearly 50%. It is estimated that the new number of industrial robots in China will reach 70000 in 2014

as the competent department of the robot industry, the Ministry of industry and information technology began to think about how China's robot industry can cope with international competition and pressure and promote the healthy and sustainable development of China's robot industry in 2012. At the end of 2013, the Ministry of industry and information technology issued the guiding opinions on the healthy development of the robot industry. In March this year, the Ministry of industry and information technology held another summit to promote the development of the robot industry. p>

according to relevant plans, by 2020, China will form a relatively perfect industrial robot industrial system and cultivate leading enterprises and supporting industrial clusters with international competitiveness; The technological innovation ability and international competitiveness of the industrial robot industry and enterprises have been significantly enhanced, the market share of high-end products has increased to more than 45%, and the robot density (the number of robots per 10000 employees) has reached more than 100, basically meeting the needs of national defense construction, national economy and social development

at present, the Ministry of industry and information technology is promoting the development of China's robot industry from five aspects: top-level design, standard system and financial support

at present, the central task of the development of China's industrial robot industry is to develop industrial robot system integration technology, host design technology and manufacturing technology of key parts to meet the needs of users, break through a number of key technologies and core parts, break through reliability and stability indicators, and promote the large-scale demonstration application of industrial robots in important industrial fields. By 2020, a relatively perfect industrial robot system will be formed, and 3-5 internationally competitive crop enterprises will be cultivated; The competitiveness of the industrial robot industry and enterprises has been significantly enhanced, and the market share of high-end products has increased to more than 45%. The use density of robots per 10000 workers reaches more than 100, which can basically meet the needs of national defense construction, national economic construction and economic development

robot change tradition held in Changsha, Hunan

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