The hottest made in China 2025 is coming, and effo

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Made in China 2025 is coming, and efforts will be made to cultivate manufacturing talents such as CNC machine tools

talent demand forecast in key areas. In this forecast, the demand for talents in the new generation of information technology industry, high-end CNC machine tools and robots, aerospace equipment, marine engineering equipment, high-tech ships and priority areas is predicted. In this forecast, 10 majors including the new generation of information technology industry, high-end CNC machine tools and robots, aerospace equipment, marine engineering equipment and high-tech ships, advanced rail transit equipment, energy-saving and new energy vehicles, electric power equipment, agricultural machinery equipment, new materials, biomedicine and high-performance medical devices are listed

according to the guide, by 2020, the new generation of information technology industry, power equipment, high-end CNC machine tools and robots, and new materials will become the majors with the largest talent gap, of which the talent gap of the new generation of information technology industry will reach 7.5 million. By 2025, the talent gap of the new generation of information technology industry will reach 9.5 million, and the talent gap of power equipment will also reach 9.09 million

in this regard, the guide proposes to guide the college enrollment plan to tilt towards the relevant majors in the top ten key areas of manufacturing industry, expand the training scale of doctoral students in major basic research and major scientific research in manufacturing industry, and improve the proportion of professional degree graduate students in key areas

in addition to these 10 fields, the guide also points out that we should focus on cultivating professional and technical talents in advanced design, key manufacturing processes, materials, digital modeling and simulation, industrial control and automation, industrial cloud services and big data application in the fields of four basic construction, intelligent manufacturing, interconnection + manufacturing, etc

in this regard, we celebrate the success of ISRO in precision instrument and optoelectronic engineering of Tianjin University. Yang Qiubo, vice president of the Institute, said that at present, the rapid development of big data, IOT, artificial intelligence, network security, great health and other new economic fields have shown a lack of talent supply

talent training for cutting-edge and future technologies such as photon and quantum chips, brain science and intelligent technology, and genome health technology has not attracted enough attention. Yang Qiubo said

Yang Qiubo believes that with the emergence of more alphago, future engineers and technicians need to apply technologies that have not yet appeared to solve problems that have not yet appeared. The scientific and technological revolution changes the content of education, the information revolution changes the mode of education, and engineering education must actively adapt to help future engineers build. This also makes it impossible for brufma to put forward the case of the correct use of PIR insulation boards in the industry under such circumstances, build a thinking mode and knowledge structure that meet the requirements of the times, and pay more attention to the cultivation of innovation and entrepreneurship

therefore, Yang Qiubo pointed out that it is necessary to accelerate the construction and development of new engineering, cultivate urgently needed talents in the new economy, arrange and cultivate talents in advance to lead the future technological and industrial development, and promote the transformation and upgrading of traditional engineering majors

Where is the weakness of talent training in manufacturing industry

China is a real manufacturing country, and such a position cannot be separated from the engineering education system established by colleges and vocational colleges. Over the years, China's engineering education has handed in an excellent report card

China's manufacturing talent training scale ranks among the top in the world. According to the public data of the Ministry of education, in 2015, there were about 16000 undergraduate engineering majors, 5.25 million undergraduate students and 690000 graduate students in Colleges and universities in China; Higher vocational schools have about 6000 professional points in manufacturing categories, with 1.36 million students; The number of processing and manufacturing majors in secondary vocational schools is about 11000, with 1.86 million students

Wang Jiping, inspector of the Department of vocational education and adult education of the Ministry of education, pointed out that China's manufacturing talent accumulation highland has initially taken shape. The manufacturing high-end talent team represented by academicians and leading talents in scientific and technological innovation has gradually expanded, forming a number of internationally leading key disciplines, laboratories, engineering centers, etc., which have played an important role in scientific and technological innovation and major project research

behind this gratifying achievement, there are still some outstanding problems in the construction of talent team in manufacturing industry

Wang Jiping said that at present, the structural surplus and shortage of talents in the manufacturing industry coexist, and it is difficult to improve the quality of talents in traditional industries and transfer jobs. 3. Maintenance of oil sources: huge, leading talents and craftsmen in large countries are in short supply, and talents in basic manufacturing and advanced manufacturing technology are insufficient, so the ability to support the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry is not strong

as for the training of manufacturing talents, Wang Jiping pointed out that nowadays, the training of manufacturing talents is out of line with the actual needs of enterprises, the integration of production and education is not deep enough, the practice of engineering education is weak, and the basic capacity construction of schools and training institutions lags behind

according to Yu Qinggu, executive vice president of China Machinery Industry Federation, there is still a large gap in the talent reserve of manufacturing industry, especially in the machinery industry

the total number of talents is still insufficient, and the contribution rate of talents to industrial development is not high. The training of business management talents, engineering and technical talents and high skilled talents is insufficient, and there is still a large gap. Yu Qinggu also pointed out that the leading talents in the machinery industry are scarce, the training of high-level management talents, innovative engineering and technical talents and compound high skilled talents lags behind, the talents in strategic emerging industries and service-oriented manufacturing fields are scarce, and the training channels are not smooth

Yu Qinggu added that at present, there are four more and four less skilled talents in greatest demand. More junior workers, less senior workers; There are many traditional technicians and few modern technicians; There are many single technicians and few compound technicians; There are many skilled workers with short-term training and quick success, but few skilled workers with systematic training, and the unique skills are out of stock

Ding Xuemei, vice president of Harbin Institute of technology, believes that there are also problems in the cultivation of graduate students in engineering fields related to manufacturing in China. The total amount of high-level innovative talents in China's manufacturing industry is relatively insufficient, especially the top-notch innovative talents and leading talents related to the manufacturing industry, and the gap is still large

Ding Xuemei said that domestic colleges and universities have insufficient focus on innovative technologies and top-notch innovative talent training required by the development of manufacturing industry. This is mainly reflected in the insufficient integration of production and learning between schools and enterprises, the serious disconnection between university discipline chain, talent chain and industrial chain, and the emphasis on basic research, light industrial application and the transformation of scientific and technological achievements

according to Sun Xing, deputy director of the industrial culture development center of the Ministry of industry and information technology, the problem of large but not strong industry in China is still prominent, especially the talent structure and quality of the manufacturing industry, compared with the actual needs to support the strategic goal of building a strong manufacturing country, there are still some prominent problems

Sun Xing believes that this is closely related to the relatively lagging development of industrial culture, such as insufficient innovation, lack of concentration, insufficient integrity, weakening of industrial spirit, etc

how to cultivate future successors in the manufacturing industry

under the background of the structural shortage of talents in the manufacturing industry, how to adjust the education system, "the guide" gives a comprehensive top-level design

in order to improve the multi-level and multi type talent training system, the guide puts forward key tasks for all levels and types of education from primary and secondary education, vocational education, undergraduate education to graduate education and continuing education

the guide points out that primary and secondary education emphasizes the need to strengthen the enlightenment and cultivation of basic knowledge, ability and concept of manufacturing industry in practical activity courses and general technology courses, and carry out quality awareness universal education; Vocational education emphasizes accelerating the construction of a modern vocational education system, focusing on cultivating the spirit of craftsman, helping students establish lofty professional ideals and good professional ethics, and vigorously cultivating talents in short supply of technical skills

for the stage of university education, the guide emphasizes that undergraduate education should focus on promoting the exploration of application-oriented development mode, strengthening the construction of first-class universities and first-class disciplines related to manufacturing, strengthening the cultivation of students' engineering practical ability, and effectively building manufacturing related colleges and universities into the cradle of engineers; Graduate education emphasizes strengthening the joint training of doctoral students between colleges and universities and scientific research institutes, promoting the training of doctoral students in the practice of major projects and projects, continuing education, and emphasizing the use of various educational resources to promote the full coverage of training for employees in manufacturing enterprises

Ding Xuemei believes that at present, the training environment for engineering postgraduates in China needs to be further created, and there is an urgent need to deepen the comprehensive reform of graduate education. The key is to break through the constraints of the traditional talent training and scientific research system and mechanism, and form a guidance, incentive and coercion mechanism conducive to the deep cooperation between industry, University, research and application

in answering the questions of who to cultivate people, what kind of people to cultivate, and how to cultivate people, Yang Qiubo believed that we should adhere to the fundamental task of building virtue and cultivating people, always focus on needs, services, zoom applications, and adhere to benchmarking international best practices, More emphasis is placed on the problem of finished product scrap rate, which is directly related to the company's raw materials and costs, and the ability to solve complex engineering problems, innovation and entrepreneurship awareness and craftsmanship that meet the development needs of the manufacturing industry

looking at the world, traditional manufacturing powers attach great importance to the training of manufacturing talents, and there are many experiences worth learning from

sunyuqing, member of the national manufacturing Power Construction Strategy Advisory Committee and President of Dalian Maritime University, said: for example, the United States, relying on a number of world-class higher education institutions, has cultivated professional and technical talents and a large number of scientific and technological innovation talents. It also pays attention to community colleges as a prominent feature, cultivate medium-level engineering and technical talents, and become the most creative manufacturing power as a bridge to enter higher-level colleges and universities

sunyuqing believes that Germany has long adhered to and promoted the dual system of Education (dual refers to schools and enterprises), which is obviously comprehensive, inclusive and hierarchical. It has cultivated a large number of high-quality professional and technical talents and skilled talents, and created a made in Germany that reflects the spirit of craftsmanship

in the final analysis, what kind of education system needs corresponding cultural and spiritual support. The guide proposes to advocate the industrial spirit with craftsmanship as the core, vigorously carry forward excellent industrial culture, enhance China's industrial soft power, closely combine the cultivation of manufacturing talents with the cultivation of craftsmanship spirit, and strive to improve the industrial cultural literacy of talents

Sun Xing said that the guide organically integrates the development of industrial culture with the cultivation of manufacturing talents, the innovation of business model and the improvement of industrial soft power, and highlights the leading role of cultivating and giving play to talents with industrial cultural literacy in the construction of a manufacturing power

The construction of industrial culture is a long-term project and systematic project. Sun Xing said that starting with industrial culture, innovating the development mechanism of manufacturing talents and enhancing the soft power of China's manufacturing industry are the strategic choices to promote the quality improvement, efficiency increase and upgrading of the industrial economy

made in China 2025 is coming. Efforts will be made to cultivate manufacturing talents such as CNC machine tools, which will be sorted and released by electromechanical industry. If you need to reprint, please indicate the source of the article. For more industry information, please click attention: electromechanical industry

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